What Yoga is…
(Part of report presented by Master Amadio Bianchi at Congress “Psychology and Psychiatry for the 3rd Millennium” – Casinò of Sanremo – September 1998)
Human mind, in its
evolutionary process, has been cleared by light of
consciousness, creating systems which purpose is the
improvement of human condition.
Circumstances, sometimes, determine geographic location where these systems appear more clearly to the world. So, Yoga finds in India the historical location of its birth, being then imprisoned in religious culture of this Country. This becomes determining to purposes of researcher, who, today, must necessarily pass through Indian culture to understand the purpose and to use techniques that create the system of “liberation” called Yoga. When I say “liberation” I mean liberation from the yoke of human suffering, but for a Hindu it also represents the way to free himself of cycle of samsara or of re-births tightly tied to distorted view of senses that impedes the dissolution of union with suffering and the access to knowledge of absolute oneself.
So, the word Yoga belongs to spiritual and sometimes utopian Indian world, even if ancient Yoga, someone says, didn’t present any cultural or religious connotation. The ancient origin of Yoga certainly is pre-air, as archaeological findings of Harrappa and Mohenjo-daro prove, cities belonged to the culture of Indo Valley, that come before development of Veda’s India.
Classical Yoga, instead, sees the light in the first centuries of our period, and it is considered one of the six Darsana, or points of view, of the philosophical-religious Hindu thought which coding, as everyone knows, is ascribed to Patanjali, writer of Yoga-sutra or Aphorisms of dating Yoga, as always happens when we are in contact with Indian history, that is very uncertain.
As has been said several times, Yoga is a Sanskrit word that comes from the root of verb Yuj and indicates the act of subjugating. Example: to subjugate oxen to an oxcart. Its meaning accords to this system the role of discipline where we think to subjugate the instinctive personality present in human nature, to orientate and direct it to higher purposes represented by other meanings, that we’ll see afterwards, attributable to Yuj verb. Promoters of this discipline at the beginning prepare (on a psycho-somatic level) to subjugate mind and body to obtain a perfect unity, operating, in deep levels, to a single idea.
So, they test a first sensation of harmonic aggregation that corresponds to a pleasant stage where mind results partially re-organized. To go back to Sanskrit verb Yuj, we find other meanings, not only the intrinsic “subjugate” that I think can represent precise stages and related experiences of conscience, as the one that I described above, linked to verb “to unite” or to union, if referred to the word yoga.
A third interpretative proposal is in the word “fusion” that for yoga represents the conscience’s level of experience more advanced, that usually follows the complete realization of the psychophysical union. In this stage, the subject, after taking note of dynamic interrelation between himself and what is around him, strongly realizes it, also as a sensation. That let the last oppositions and provocations fall towards aspects of manifestation, also towards men, feeling in fusion and linked to them because of something in common. His view of world changes, at this point. Words as “friend” or “enemy” or “indifferent” are substituted by opportune, unfavourable or neutral and, consequently, a more evident emotional stability is shown in him.
Memories, especially through the practice of meditation, are re-organized and spoiled from the emotional aspect. The heavy burden, that in several occasions forms a depressing past, is melted and often we notice the disappearance of senses of guilt. So, the man can walk to a fourth stage of realization that will bring it to search endless joy and what is above ordinary, that is the transcendental. Along the way he could test the supreme calm, know and rest with the true essence of its being.
Through an uninterrupted meditation on the true oneself that is pure eternal conscience and is beyond the psychosomatic complex and beyond the world’s oppressions he could achieve freedom. In the full success of this stage, the subject should integrate in community, we think without oppositions, and with a very clear view of reality.
In conclusion of this first part, I have to say that science of Yoga wants to teach a method that permits to achieve a complete union of oneself, that is the spiritual reality present in everyone of us, with the universal one, which constitution would be, in according to an hypothesis of ancient literature, reality, conscience, bliss (Satchidananda). This union would be the only Yoga. The point from where we start for this experience. A state of conscience in which mysticism intend to meet and know God. A way, maybe going backwards, through which the procreated, we can say, would come back to generator’s womb, melting himself in the same nature of it, surely loosing his individual identity.
by Amadio Bianchi